By Sunil Bhardwaj


In 1922, Heyrovsky, discovered a technique with the help of which, qualitative, quantitative and even mixture can be analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively, the technique is known as Polarography. In this case electrolysis of experimental solution is done. The cathode is polarized electrode (where deposition takes place) and anode is non polarized electrode. The cathode is small in size called micro electrode and is made up of either pt or Au. Anode is large pool of Hg or Reference electrode (SCE) with large area. Now the cathode used is not micro electrode but dropping Hg electrode. (D.M.E.)

The following are the main advantages of D.M.E. over the other electrodes:

1. The surface of the Hg is smooth, the electrode is reproducible and every time electrode is renewed.

2. The reduction potential of \({ H }^{ + }\) ions to from \({ H }_{ 2 }\) gas $$ { 2H }^{ + }+{ 2e }^{ - }\longrightarrow { H }_{ 2 } $$ over the Hg is high hydrogen ions from the experimental solution are not allowed to reduce on Hg but the metal ions can be reduced on the surface of DME.

3. As soon as metallic ions approaches towards the cathode are reduced over DME $$ { M }^{ n+ }+{ ne }^{ - }\longrightarrow { M } $$ and then metal dissolve in Hg forming amalgam $$ M+Hg \longrightarrow M(Hg) $$ which is falling at the bottom of the container

4. DME. electrode is working very successfully in the potential range of 2 volt to 0.4 volt. The majority of ions have the reduction potential in this range so can be accurately analyzed by this method.

5. Since the area of the electrode is small Therefore the amount of the element reduced on the surface of Hg will be small, current produced is small Therefore the change in the concentration of the electrolyte is small and negligible.

6. As the electrode is renewed every time Therefore No. of the metallic ions can be reduced from the given mixture. Therefore mixture of the metallic ions can be analyzed

7. The DME. can be used for basic solutions if the \([{ OH }^{ - }] > 0.1\) and its reduction potential is beyond 1.4 volt.

MCQ on Polarography from Analytical Chemistry
Prof. Gianfranco Coletti

Shared publicly - 2019-08-23 00:00:00

Don’t want your columns to simply stack in some grid tiers? Use a combination of different classes for each tier as needed. See the example below for a better idea of how it all works.

Prof. Maheshwar Sharon

Shared publicly - 2019-08-24 00:00:00

For grids that are the same from the smallest of devices to the largest, use the .col and .col-* classes. Specify a numbered class when you need a particularly sized column; otherwise, feel free to stick to


Shared publicly - 2023-02-28 11:09:52

this is


Shared publicly - 2023-02-28 10:48:10


Latest News

  • Become an Instructor 4 March, 2018

    Apply to join the passionate instructors who share their expertise and knowledge with the world. You'll collaborate with some of the industry's best producers, directors, and editors so that your content is presented in the best possible light..

More Chapters

  • Chromatography
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Gravimetric Analysis
  • Optical Methods
  • Polarography
  • Other Subjects

  • English
  • Applied Physics
  • Environmental Studies
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Soft Skills
  • Engineering Drawing
  • General Medicine
  • Mathematics
  • Patente B Italia
  • Adult Education
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Conceptual Physics
  • Aptitude