By Sunil Bhardwaj

2374 Views

When the molecules are placed in the electric field, there are the separation of electrons and the positive charges.

The molecules OR atoms, which are spherical, are now in the field are converted in to elongated form.

Now there will be separation of charges and they are pointing towards the respective plates. Now the dipole moment will be included inside the atom OR molecule, this dipole moment is called Induced Dipole Moment $${ \mu }_{ i }$$.

The induced dipole moment is directly proportional to strength of electric field applied, $${ \mu }_{ i }\propto E$$

Where $${ \mu }_{ i }$$ = induced dipole moment,

$$E$$ = strength of the field applied

$$\therefore { \mu }_{ i } = \alpha E$$

Where, $$\alpha$$ is polariseability of the molecule.

Polariseability of the molecule is defined as induced dipole moment per unit strength of the field applied,$$\text { i.e. when } E = 1, \text { then } { \mu }_{ i } = \alpha$$

#### Latest News

• Become an Instructor 4 March, 2018

Apply to join the passionate instructors who share their expertise and knowledge with the world. You'll collaborate with some of the industry's best producers, directors, and editors so that your content is presented in the best possible light..

#### More Chapters

• Spectroscopy
• Basic Quantum Chemistry
• Phase Rule
• Electrochemistry
• Colloidal State
• Chemical Thermodynamics
• Gaseous State
• Applied Electrochemistry
• Ionic Equilibria
• Nuclear Chemistry
• Solid State Chemistry
• Chemical Kinetics
• #### Other Subjects

• English
• Applied Physics
• Environmental Studies
• Physical Chemistry
• Analytical Chemistry
• Organic Chemistry
• Soft Skills
• Engineering Drawing
• General Medicine
• Mathematics
• Patente B Italia
• Engineering Chemistry
• Conceptual Physics
• Patente (ITALIA)
• Aptitude