India as Mega Diversity Nation

Sunil Bhardwaj

India as a mega diversity nation India's shares India's image share of the global biodiversity is about eight point six percent of the wild plant and animal species India represent four of the globally identified biodiversity hotspot these includes in Milan region in Doberman region than Western guards and also sri lanka so so for over , species of animals and if forty five thousand five hundred species of plants have been documented in the ten by geographical regions of the country in terms of endemic vertebrate groups India's global ranking East th in birds with sixty nine species reptiles with species and seventh in amphibians with one run ten species endemic rich Indian funa is manifested most prominently in amphibia .% and reptiles percent India is one of the four mega diversity nations of Asia because of its geographical diversity climate diversity biodiversity habitat diversity and cultural diversity first of all let's talk about the geographical diversity the land from form includes the plane of Ganga's on one side to highlands of Deccan Plateau s-- on other side thus India represents all kind of geographical variation found elsewhere in the world so we are having mountains Plains and deserts and everything here what about the climate diversity we are having all different kinds of climates also climatic conditions of country ranges from cold temperature and forced covered regions of Himalaya to low rainfall regions and of drag tropics in the northwestern part of the country on the basis of annual rainfall the country can be divided into four climatic range one is wet zone where there is more than centimeter of rain then intermediate zone that is to centimeter of the rain then dry zone centimeter of rain and then arid zone that is below centimeter of rain next is the biological diversity this can be divided into nine five two geographical regions fart-o geographical means related to plants India is one of the twelve primary center for origin of cultivated plants and domestic animals important plant species and breeds of domesticated animals are there so is really rich in plants and animals habitat diversity India has high mountains range like you plains desert etc provide variety of habitats for plants and animals similarly a number of freshwater and saline lakes reservoir ponds rivers and streams provide variety of habitats for aquatic plants and animals also it is also providing a large amount of clock cultural diversity our country increased vast cultural diversity from Jammu Kashmir to in north to connect Omari in South and from West Bengal from the east in the East to thar desert in the West Rajasthan and multiple is represent an array of tribal cultures also let's talk about a zoo zoo geographical regions in India the zugor offical means divided on the basis of the animals so these are the java build regions which are divided by based on the animals present over that region and there are many part like this first is the Himalayan region secondly North Plains desert plants Deccan Plateau regions Malabar regions and milky regions what about the phyto geographical regions these are the different regions / based on the plants on that in that particular areas so a photo geography region is defined as the area of uniform climatic conditions having a distinctly recognizable type of vegetation so based on these they are divided into the Western Himalaya the eastern Himalaya and urban and Nicobar Islands Western deserts Deccan Plateau north-east india Gangetic Plains western coats cost and Central India you

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